By Reem Bassiouney

This creation to significant subject matters within the box of Arabic sociolinguistics examines key matters in diglossia, code-switching, gendered discourse, language edition and alter, and language regulations. It introduces and evaluates a variety of theoretical methods and versions, and it illustrates the usefulness and obstacles of those techniques to Arabic with empirical info. Reem Bassiouney explores how present sociolinguistic theories will be utilized to Arabic and, conversely, what the examine of Arabic can give a contribution to our knowing of the functionality of language in society.Graduate scholars of Arabic language and linguistics in addition to scholars of sociolinguistics without wisdom of Arabic will locate this quantity to be an imperative source.

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Additional resources for Arabic Sociolinguistics: Topics in Diglossia, Gender, Identity, and Politics

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The definition of code-switching by different linguists renders the term very inclusive and general (see the definition ofGumperz above and that ofMyers-Scotton 1993: 1). Therefore, I will stick to the term 'code-switching' to cover also what Mazraani calls code-mixing. 3 31 CODE-SWITCHING AND DIGLOSSIA Diglossia can, in my opinion, be studied within the framework ofcode-switching, since switching can occur not only between different languages, but also between different varieties of the same language, as mentioned above.

Als ich in zur Bibliothek ging, fond ich nur dieses alte Buch, obwohl ich ein Buch iiber die Geschichte der Frau in Frankreich hatte lesen wollen. (14) Dutch Ik hou heel erg van lezen. Toen ik naar de bibliotheek ging, vond ik slechts dit oude boek, hoewel ik een boek over vrouwengeschiedenis in Frankrijk had willen lezen. As one can see from this example, even without knowledge of German or Dutch, the differences are similar to differences between the different vernaculars examined above. The examples make one wonder about the differences between different languages and different varieties and whether terms like 'language' and 'variety' are not political terms rather than linguistic ones.

Although Gumperz (1982a) argues that code-switching is not a random process, but that it depends more on stylistic and metaphorical factors than on grammatical restrictions, some linguists (Sankoff and Poplack 1981; DiSciullo et al. 1986; Myers-Scotton 1997) have proposed that there must be grammatical constraints on any kind of code-switching. The question is, are these constraints universal? Do they apply to all language pairs? If we believe in the idea of universal grammar, then we might expect universal grammar to impose constraints on code-switching.

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