By Michael Fernandez

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2124, 2126 (1973)). As discussed more fully in Part III, FDA today treats “medical food” as a wholly unique category from food for special dietary use, and has developed very specific criteria for the marketing of such products. Second, in 1990, Congress passed the NLEA, which establishes a framework for the regulation of “health claims” and “nutrient content claims,” among other requirements. R. 14(a)(1)). “Health claims” are permitted only if approved or otherwise authorized by FDA, the claim addresses the ability of the food, as part of an appropriate diet, to reduce the risk of disease or a health-related condition (as opposed to disease treatment, mitigation, or similar concepts), and the food meets certain qualifying criteria established by FDA.

1998). Feeding the transgenic soybeans resulted in an 11% greater reduction in phosphorus excretion than feeding with conventional soybeans to which the enzyme is added. Similarly, low-phytate corn and barley fed to broiler chicks resulted in 33% lower phosphorus excretion compared with wild-type grain diets and reduced the need for supplemental phosphorus (Jang et al. 2003). Transgenic phytase-containing wheat was developed by Holm and colleagues at the Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Denmark (Brinch-Pedersen 2000, Holm et al.

It binds several minerals including calcium and prevents their absorption. Scientists at the National Centre for Plant Genome Research (NCPGR), India, seek to reduce the oxalic acid content in these foods through the transfer of the gene for oxalate decarboxylase (OXDC), the enzyme that degrades oxalic acid. Genetically engineered tomatoes bearing the OXDC gene have been successfully grown and are currently undergoing field and biosafety tests (ISAAA, 2004). IX. Allergens Food allergy, although relatively rare, can provoke severe, sometimes fatal, responses in susceptible people.

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