By François Pouillion, Jean-claude Vatin

The talk on Orientalism started a few fifty years in the past within the wake of decolonization. whereas firstly thought of a turning aspect, Edward Said’s Orientalism (1978) used to be actually a part of a bigger educational pastime – the political critique of “colonial technological know-how” – that had already considerably impacted the arts and social sciences. In a contemporary try to develop the talk, the papers accumulated during this quantity, provided at a number of seminars and a global symposium held in Paris in 2010-2011, severely learn no matter if Orientalism, as wisdom and as artistic expression, used to be actually essentially subservient to Western domination.

By elevating new concerns, the papers shift the point of interest from the heart to the peripheries, therefore interpreting the effect on neighborhood societies of a massive highbrow and institutional circulation that inevitably replaced not just their global, however the ways that they represented their global. international historical past, which assumes a plurality of views, leads us to monitor that the Saidian critique applies to powers except Western ecu ones — 3 case stories are thought of right here: the Ottoman, Russian (and Soviet), and chinese language empires.

Other essays during this quantity continue to investigate how post-independence states have made use of the large accumulation of data and representations inherited from past colonial regimes for the sake of nationwide id, in addition to how students swap and adapt what used to be a hegemonic discourse for his or her personal reasons. What emerges is a brand new panorama during which to situate learn on non-Western cultures and societies, and a road-map best readers past the restrictive dichotomy of a war of words among West and East.

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Historians who studied the rise and fall of the Arab Caliphate tended to model their narratives upon that of Gibbon in his Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire. The East India Company exams placed stress on the candidate’s ability to translate Homer, Herodotus, Cicero and others. The history of the Roman Empire served as a briefing for the governance of the British Empire. Jean Chardin and, much later, Joseph Arthur de Gobineau saw Persia through the eyes of Herodotus. The Classical literature of Greece and Rome provided the yardsticks by which all Oriental literatures were judged.

He attacked the ancients and, most specifically Homer, for barbarousness. Perrault’s fairy stories had been collected and stylishly rewritten as a demonstration that there could be a distinctively modern French literary culture that owed little or nothing to classical precepts. Moreover, the fairy stories with his added glosses were, he claimed, more moral than most of the stories found in ancient Greek and Latin literature. Galland’s collection of stories was similarly admired for the fresh repertoire of plots, settings and characters that it provided.

They supervised a considerable number of Indonesian doctoral students in Leiden, in the fields of Arabic, Islam, Indonesian languages and cultures, and law. From a scholarly point of view Snouck Hurgronje should be considered the founder of an anthropology of Islamic law which combines the study of texts with ethnographic fieldwork. Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje stressed the original character of Islamic normativity in his writings. 14 Snouck Hurgronje recommended the use of Arabic terms rather than renderings in European languages for the analysis of local norms, in order to demonstrate the singularity of Islamic normative categories.

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