By H. Schneider, A. L. Rosenberger (auth.), Marilyn A. Norconk, Alfred L. Rosenberger, Paul A. Garber (eds.)

This number of 29 papers grew out of a symposium entitled "Setting the long run time table for Neotropical Primates. " The symposium used to be held on the division of Zoo­ logical learn, nationwide Zoological Park, Washington D. C. , on February 26-27, 1994, and used to be subsidized through the Wenner-Gren origin for Anthropological examine, Smith­ sonian establishment, and pals of the nationwide Zoo. We placed the symposium including pursuits: to honor Warren G. Kinzey for his contributions to the transforming into box of platyrrhine stories and to supply researchers who paintings within the Neotropics with the oppor­ tunity to debate fresh advancements, to spot components of analysis that require extra learn, and particularly to aid consultant the following iteration of researchers. The symposium supplied the chance to acknowledge Warren as a mentor and col­ laborator to the contribution of the learn of platyrrhines. Contributions to the e-book have been elevated with the intention to supply a extra accomplished view of platyrrhine evolution and ecology, to stress the interdisciplinary nature of lots of those experiences, and to excessive­ gentle the critical function that New international monkeys play in advancing primatology. If this vol­ ume have been to require significant revisions after only one extra decade of study, that will be a becoming testomony to Warren's enthusiasm and his force to continually replace the sphere with new rules and strategies. Tributes to Warren and a listing of his courses were released in different places (Norconk, 1994, 1996; Rosenberger 1994, 1995).

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While agreeing with Kinzey (1982) regarding the importance of Pleistocene fragmentation of the Atlantic forest, it is evident that the relatively small centers which he outlines provide an oversimplified picture. As argued by Haffer (1993) and Bush (1994) the distributions observed today result from the interaction of numerous processes of differing scale and importance in time and space. They include fragmentation and complex mosaics of vegetation depending on altitude, soils, climate on yearly and longer-term time scales, and the effect of rivers and other natural boundaries.

These forests are typically found further inland bordering, or as isolated patches within, the central bush savanna (cerrado) of Brazil. , in press). , in press). There are 24 primate species and subspecies currently recognized for the Atlantic forest. Following the classification of Rosenberger (1981), they include: two families and four subfamilies (Cebidae, Cebinae and Callitrichinae, and Atelidae, Atelinae and Pitheciinae); six genera, two of which are endemic, Leontopithecus and Brachyteles; 15 species, II of which are endemic; and 20 of the species and subspecies are endemic (Table I).

1975; Bigarella and Andrade-Lima, 1982). To give just one example, Cracraft and Prum (1988) demonstrated that south-east Brazil (Serra do Mar) is a composite, or biogeographic "hybrid", having component taxa with different biogeographic histories, this based on the geographical patterns of speciation of four clades of parrots and toucans. During a Holocene post-glacial period, c. , 1975; Primates of the Atlantic Forest 35 Bigarella and Andrade-Lima, 1982). Cracraft and Prum (1988) provided evidence for a recent separation between the Amazonian Belem-Pani area of endemism and the Atlantic forest (see also, Bush, 1994).

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