By Stefano Schiaparelli, Bruno Danis, Victoria Wadley, D. Michael Stoddart (auth.), Cinzia Verde, Guido di Prisco (eds.)

The moment quantity of “Adaptation and Evolution in Marine Environments – The affects of worldwide switch on Biodiversity” from the sequence “From Pole to Pole” integrates the marine biology contribution of the 1st tome to the IPY 2007-2009, proposing overviews of organisms (from micro organism and ciliates to raised vertebrates) thriving on polar continental cabinets, slopes and deep sea. the rate and volume of warming within the Arctic and in areas of Antarctica (the Peninsula, at present ) are more than in other places. alterations impression a number of parameters, particularly the level of sea ice; organisms, ecosystems and groups that turned finely tailored to expanding chilly during hundreds of thousands of years at the moment are turning into susceptible, and biodiversity is threatened. Investigating evolutionary variations is helping to foresee the influence of adjustments in temperate parts, highlighting the necessary contribution of polar marine examine to give and destiny results of the IPY within the Earth method scenario.

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Extra resources for Adaptation and Evolution in Marine Environments, Volume 2: The Impacts of Global Change on Biodiversity

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Although not part of CAML, it swath-mapped previously unknown areas and made the acquired highresolution bottom topography available to CAML (Post et al. 2010); the latter was used to set sampling positions for the CAML-IPY voyage CEAMARC. org) and closed to bottom fishing since 2008 (CCAMLR 2009a, b). Examples of the second type the ‘‘ANtarctic benthic DEEP-sea biodiversity: colonisation history and recent community patterns (ANDEEP)’’ voyages I–III in 2002 and 2005) in the Scotia and Weddell Seas (Brandt et al.

For the first time, scientists have direct access to raw data on biodiversity, which, before SCAR-MarBIN, was only available from the researchers who gathered it; the data were stored on their computers and the only public mention of it was in papers they wrote. aq), harmonising the access to marine, terrestrial and limnetic biodiversity data (Danis et al. aq, Danis et al. aq, De Broyer et al. 2012b). These commons embody the continuation of the Census of Antarctic Marine Life, in the form of an electronic ecosystem involving researchers, institutes, data, computers, networks and databases.

Schiaparelli et al. biodiversity and set reference baselines to allow measuring change. CAML’s sister project was the Arctic Ocean Diversity (ArcOD), devoted to the census of Arctic marine biodiversity. Thanks to strong interaction with this project, it is now possible to draw comparisons between differences in ecological structure and dynamics of the Arctic and Southern Oceans (Gradinger et al. 2010; Gutt et al. 2010). 1 The IPY Proposal In considering its contribution as part of the ‘‘Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic (EBA)’’ programme, the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) accepted a proposal that a Census of Antarctic Marine Life be undertaken as a major activity during IPY and in July 2004 appointed an international Steering Committee to guide the project.

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