By Gungor V.C., Lambert F.C.

In cutting-edge aggressive electrical software market, trustworthy and real-time details develop into the main issue for trustworthy supply of strength to the end-users, profitability of the electrical software and buyer delight. The operational and advertisement calls for of electrical utilities require a high-performance info verbal exchange community that helps either latest functionalities and destiny operational requisites. during this appreciate, for the reason that the sort of conversation community constitutes the middle of the electrical procedure automation purposes, the layout of an economical and trustworthy community structure is important. during this paper, the possibilities and demanding situations of a hybrid community structure are mentioned for electrical procedure automation. extra particularly, net dependent digital inner most Networks, strength line communications, satellite tv for pc communications and instant communications (wireless sensor networks, WiMAX and instant mesh networks) are defined intimately. the incentive of this paper is to supply a greater knowing of the hybrid community structure which can offer heterogeneous electrical approach automation software specifications. during this regard, our target is to give a based framework for electrical utilities who plan to make use of new conversation applied sciences for automation and accordingly, to make the decision-making procedure greater and direct.

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Extra resources for A survey on communication networks for electric system automation

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The graph shows that the weight of the procedures for the management of the network partitioning (check_partition and verify_partition packets) considerably increases when the number of nodes increases. In fact, if the density of the nodes is high, more neighbors are seen by each node, and the number of partitioning checks increases. On the other hand, partitioning is less likely to occur. 915 Fig. 14. Number of packets exchanged during the second phase of the simulations expressed in percent of the total traffic.

The traffic introduced by the other AIPAC packets is shown in Fig. 13(a)–(d). The histograms show how the different types of packets contribute to the total traffic with reference to the procedures of initial configuration of nodes (A), of Gradual_Merging (B), and of management of partitioning (C) for sets of 10, 20, 40 and 60 nodes, respectively. The packets used_IP1 and used_IP2 are absent from the histograms. They are the packets used during the procedure for searching a valid address, when the selected IP address is already present in the network.

In the same way, the approach proposed in [14] can cause high overhead for the synchronization procedure in large and dynamic networks. Moreover, AIPAC shows a very lower level of complexity than [22]. This is an important issue because generally speaking ad hoc devices have constrained computational and power resources. 4. 26 of the NS2 simulator [8] with the Carnegie–Mellon University (CMU) support for simulating multi-hop wireless networks [13]. This package provides physical, data link, and medium access control (MAC) layer models.

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