By Åshild Næss, Even Hovdhaugen

Vaeakau-Taumako, sometimes called Pileni, is a Polynesian Outlier language spoken within the Reef and Duff Islands within the Solomon Islands' Temotu Province. this can be a space of significant linguistic variety and long-standing language touch which has had far-reaching results at the linguistic state of affairs.
Historically, audio system of Vaeakau-Taumako have been shipbuilders and navigators who made alternate voyages during the zone, bringing them into consistent touch with audio system of the Reefs-Santa Cruz, Utupua and Vanikoro languages. The latter languages are just distantly on the topic of Vaeakau-Taumako, making up an only in the near past pointed out first-order subgroup of Oceanic. Polynesian audio system first arrived within the zone a few 700-1000 years in the past from the middle Polynesian components to the east. whereas this present day such a lot intra-group communique happens in Solomon Islands Pijin, commonly the placement was once considered one of broad multilingualism, and this has left profound lines within the grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako, which exhibits a few structural houses no longer recognized from different Polynesian languages.
A Grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako is the main finished grammar of any Polynesian Outlier to this point, and the 1st full-length grammar of any language of Temotu Province. in keeping with vast fieldwork, it truly is established as a reference grammar facing all points of language constitution, from phonology to discourse association, and together with a variety of glossed texts. it is going to be of curiosity to typologists, Oceanic linguists, and researchers drawn to language touch.

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Basic consonant inventory Vaeakau-Taumako has the most complex system of consonant phonemes of all koown Polyoesian languages. This pertains both to the number of consonant phonemes (19),Z0 and to the pervasive dialectal and idiolectal variation. The dialectal differences are seen not so much in the number of consonant phonemes or in the overall structure of the system, as in the distribution of each consonant phoneme and their lexical frequency. The consonant phonemes of V AE and TAU are laid out in Table 4: 20 Vaeakau-Taumako is the only Polynesian language with an "average-sized" consonant inventory, as defined inMaddieson (2005: 10).

4. 3, Vaeakau-Taumako shows a considerable amount of alternation in the vowels found in given lexical or morphological items. Some of these vowel alternations are phonetically conditioned; in some cases the differences are dialectal, while in other cases there appears to be free variation, without any obvious phonological conditioning. 1. a - o This is a sporadic alternation where the a-forms are basic, except in kataha kotaha, where both forms are current and the o-form is considered to be the basic one.

CV:. CCV. 2 below on vowel length and on the question of diphthongs). Most of the forms showing consonant clusters have an alternant where a vowel intervenes between the consonants: batava ["'batava. "'barava. mbrava] 'be nice. be good'. kolomakina [kalomakina. kholomakina. kolomakina. klomakina]" 'forget'. In some instances there is no such alternative form. but in these cases the initial consonant of the cluster may optionally be omitted: knghil [kl)hu:. IJhu:] 'agree'. Monosyllabic lexical roots (nouns and verbs) all have long vowels; in other words the minimal form of a lexical word is V:.

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